Women with severe obesity are 3 times more likely to have menstruation problems than women with normal weight. Reasons for this are given below:
Obese women can have the following menstrual problems.
- Fat cells produce estrogen and therefore obese women have higher estrogen levels as happens during pregnancy. High estrogen levels produce the effect of a pregnancy though pregnancy does not exist. Ovaries therefore stop ovulating and menstruation stops. Obese women therefore have amenorrhea or no periods.
- Insulin resistance most commonly seen in obesity causes polycystic ovarian syndrome in which again periods become absent.
- Poor nutrition in obesity is also seen due to the fact that the obese women are eating high calorie foods that may not be nutritious. Poor nutrition is a cause for anemia which causes scanty or no periods.